. 2022-3 welcomes you to 15th annual players cards of world record jobs - how to play games version of WRJ
Health we continue to value alumni of Brilliant, Nightingale (doubly so given Ukraine situation) , the women who built a nation round last mile health care with Fazle Abed.,Abed's 21st C comrade spirit Jim Kim without whom the signature transformation of UN leader Guterres : UN2 that proacts engineering/entrepreneur/education/Servant leader smarts into any silo of old gov probably would not be with us
WorldClassDaos recommends we leap into better 2020s best place to start: HONG KONG as WorldClassEngineer laureate of 2022. While dad, norman macrae, coined term Entrepreneurial Revolution in The Economist 1969. Friends think there would be few problems in the world if every 1/1000 of humans were as energetic multi-win traders as Hong Kong, Hong Kong is leading 21st coming of age with unprecedented co-creativity geared to making sure web3 serves communities in ways no previous web 2, 1 or tele media (arguably only attenborough beat off vested interests to sustain 50 years of consistent tv storytelling access -moreover web3 has emerged out of a radical fintech foundation with concept of Satoshi 2008 intended to be a decentralised solution to serial abuse of communities by subprime banking
JOTTINGS: Nightingales deliver motion for UNGA77 .why love Stanford. (rules options) ::
top 2 alumni networks to cooperate with remain Fazle Abed & Von Neumann-; with urgent appearance of web3 as make or break sustainability generation we've spent time zooming up bop-eg Singapore Players, ..... more WRJ
Upd Fall 2023 - Worlds AI see change everyone's futures; Musk headline on need for 3rd party referee is transnational ai summit's deepest intelligent momentupd valentines 2023 ...Join us at twitterversal.com and TAO: Twitter Autonomy Opsworldclassdaosgreenbigbang invites you to have a sneak at our new picks for 2023 if you are comfy with messy searchesSDGs rising by valuing women's productivity emulating mens
Coming soon Tao.dance- dance then wherever you may be for I am the oak tree of nature's dance said (s)he
If you are going to help save 2020s world from extinction (let alone putin!) the top 50 people you'll need to learn and action with will be a deeply personal combo- GAMES OF WRJ #1 edit 50 playing cards from WRJ -ask a friend to do likewise- see how many common choices you made -then choose one to keep your friend had not chosen and voce versa - by all means add in your own selections- keep updating your 50 cards aide memoire.. bon courage - who need to be at WRJ? rsvp chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk..*
9/8/18 paul oyer: fei-fei li : lei zhang - WE WELCOME q&a THE MORE MATHEMATUCAL OR HUMAN THE BETTER chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk MA stats cambridge 1973

2016 bangladesh schools go edigital nationwide :: brookings video :: Bangla video :: brac how's that
1/1/21 we have entered the most exciting decade to be alive- by 2030 we will likely know whether humans & tech wizards can save futureoflife- tech surveys indicate odds of accomplishing this greatest human mission would be lot less without spirit of a chinese american lady at stanford-...
bonus challenge for those on road to glasgow cop2 nov2021: future 8 billion peoples want to value from 2021 rsvp chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

GAMES of world record jobs involve
*pack of cards: world record jobs creators eg fei-fe li ; fazle abed ...
*six future histories before 2021 starts the decade of empowering youth to be the first sustainable generation.

problem 99% of what people value connecting or doing to each other
has changed (and accelerated in last three quarters of a century- while laws, culture and nature's diversity and health are rooted in real-world foundations that took mother earth 1945 years to build with -and that's only using the christian calendar

1995 started our most recent quater of a century with 2 people in Seattle determined to change distribution of consumers' markets - the ideas of how of bezos and jack ma on what this would involve were completely different except that they changed the purpose of being online from education knowledge to buying & selling things -
nb consuming up things is typically a zero-sum game or less if done unsustainable- whereas life-shaping knowhow multiplies value in use
from 1970 to 1995 knowhow needed to end subsistence poverty of over a billion asian villagers was networked person to person by women with no access to electricity grids- their number 1 wrjc involved partnerships linked by fazle abed - borlaug's crop science was one of the big 5 action learnings -its person to person application saved a billion people from starvation; the first 185 years of the machie age started up bl glasgow university's smith an watt in 1760 had brought humans to the 2 world wars; when people from nearly 200 nations founded the united nations at san francisco opera house 1945 chances of species survival looked poor- miraculous;y one mathematician changed that before he died 12 years later- john von neumann's legacy was both the moon race and twin artificial intel labs - one facing pacific ocean out of stanford; the other facing the atlantic out of mit boston .. who are top job creating economists by practice - health -refugee sports green hong kong..where are top tour guides around billionaire 1 2 around poverty,,, we the peoples ...

Saturday, December 31, 1983

Muhammad Yunus

i spent much of 7 years helping to develop a journal around the wishes of muhammad yunus with friends such as adam smith scholars at glasgow university- that doesnt mean i am correct in all of the following but its based on a lot of survey work of people who gave a lot to connect round yunus dreams like put poverty in a museum and and since 2006 put youth unemployment in a museum-

when i qualified as an MA in statistics from Cambridge university in 1973, i progressively studied leadership communications- since 1989 my main survey questions has been : what would the world uniquely miss if this leader (person, brand, idea, partnership network or data platform) hadn't existed.
This methodology chartering may sound too simple but the question rills down systemically into valuing dynamics of trust and heroic purpose - it seems to map subnetwork segments of people demanding value multipliers( customers, employees, societies, owners, students ...) and people wanting to co-produce or knowledgeenetwork around the leaders purpose and related goals for improving the human lot

i believe the following different stages in the exponential rise and decline of networking round yunus purpose are worth examining - while i regard yunus as a hero if not a family friend, i have found that western aid has become an extremely inefficient market which may end up causing extinction of our species!- with many people playing politics with fund raising (and being driven by non-transparent singular vested interests) not openly networking solutions (nor truly action learning round youth) with the people who most needed help in sustaining their communities- see for example june 2018's admission at the UN that while 17 wonderful sustainability goals have now been declared, banking is currently funding any of them

5 the decline of yunus banking since winning the nobel prize in 2006; in 2011 yunus licence to operate a bank was repealed; a depressing political fight resulted in all the bank's resources and many million members networks across rural bangladesh being taken from him; while he continues to fundraise for the yunus centre those who want to sustain humanity by applying lessons from yunus life probably need to focus on earlier times while grameen service franchise built round village branches - each 60 circles of 60 village mothers grew and grew  more ...- in 2009 the "three" founders who had teamed since 1974 started to split up -  yunus now focuses on 50 yunus center partnerships at colleges and hubs and this major connection with paris olympics 2024

(the social business model is an organisation designed round positive cash flow but all surplus is reinvested in its social goal not dividends - its partnership branding and ownership of its equity are variables that can take on specific contexts though the intention is that the purpose can never be sold out) the social business catalogue at danone communities is one of the benchmark collections we advise people to look at

4 exponential growth of the "three" person founders team from founding of the bank in 1983 including pre-tech to 1996, and post leapfroging tech (mobile and solar) from 1996- usually a great organisation has a founding trad - the overall leaders ; two others who can mediate the leader (if he pushes too fast or conversely needs moral support) in a way that one person cannot; in grameens case there were four founders but the dynamic was three in one with yunus loking up to one elder professor latifee and inspiring two students (mrs begum and mr barua); as the only woman mrs begum had been at the forefront of the values and in field reality (village mothers in the 1970s were banned from speaking to strange men); it was 1983 that a national ordinance was passed creating grameen as a bank for the poor with a majority shareholding by the poor village members and a minority holding by the government; over the next 13 years everything in the villages (without electricity) was personally networked- sustainable charity models were developed around microfinance and loans to build one room homes which were cyclone and monsoon ;proof and came with a pit latrine attached. More on the branch model and young banking teams who operate 60 centres per branch.

4.2 More on the emerging post-digital years 1996-2006 -this also started a decade of the lobbying for yunus to get a nobel prize- this became the annual purpose of microcreditsummit originally launched out of washington dc by hilary clinton and queen sofia of spain - -more on crises of misunderstanding caused by this advocacy network

3 exponential concept experimentation of the leadership three 1974-1983- yunus had come back from usa as a professor of economics teaching at chittagong university=- when a million person famine occurred he decided that the economics models he was teaching had no urgent relevance in bangladesh and took the class to a poor village where they started experimenting on solutions to end poverty. Begum and Barua were the studnts who transfered to working full time with yunus; in  particular begums research with village women identified the 16 decisions - goals that village mothers defined as what ending poverty meant to their family and community; these goals became a chant at every weekly circle meeting where microfinance was conducted round 60 village mothers at a time - more

2 yunus 7 years in the states in his late twenties- yunus won a scholarship to van der bilt the year that racial segragation ended; he gained his doctorate and became an associate professor at e. tenessee; he married and as the war of independence spiralled in 1971 increasingly spent time lobbying congress for recognition of the mew nation; he returned to bangladesh circa 1973 where his russian american wife found it impossible to live with their new baby daughter monica- she returned to her family in new jesrsey with yunus separated from monica for the next 25 years or so- his family life, the afmine, the irrelevance of his university classes to the futures young people wanted to see - all shaped yunus as arguably the most driven networker and storyteller of his generation -more

1 yunus first imaginative leap age 15ish- yunus grew up in a jewelry store in Chittagong - his father was a practical small business man; his mother lovingly grew quite a sizable family; until falling ill when yunus was aged about 10; for five years as an elder son he had to keep an eye on hos younger siblings; then he decided to join the world boy scout summit being hosted that year in caada ; on the way back to Bangladesh he joined a group of about 10 teenagers who on reaching continental europe drove back the rest of the way home; in the late 1950s this was still possible with continental Eurasia south of russia relatively peaceful and visa-free; the cultural fusion and imaginative openings of this trip contributed to a boyish belief that nothing is impossible which became the life force of everything MY linkedin

We are here to learn - if you have a twitter length link - i will happily include it if i understand its context chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

at peak grameen bank led by yunus nearly 8 million grameen women members (representing about 35 million family members) were participating in savings and loansthere were about 2000 branches - typically teamed 5 young staff who each week visited 60 centre circles of 60 village mothers

loans in 1983 were originally for small agriculture
a bigger loan was for building one hut homes
for about 8 years from 1996 the most profitable loan was to be the teelphone lady - one per circle of 60- she hired her phone out and often became a local yellow pages of listing of who to call for what or how to check whether market prices were better in diferent places

both grameen solar and telephone produced a double leapfrog model - ie vlilages leapt over a technolpgy they had never had acecss to (solar leaping over electricuiy grids, mobile leaping over fixed line phones)

however yunus never succeeded in developing digital finance - the deeper network brac did with bkash; and from 2011 yunus lost control of grameen bank and so his own access to most of the membership networks and village hosting of global social business experiments; the bank continues microloans ... whether the memners get the full ownership rights they did under yunus is unclear; update sought on  grameen shakti once the most exciting microsolar business 

Friday, December 30, 1983

yunus 4.2 microcreditsummit disaster and how tech took over from trusted manual networks

back in 1997 dhaka was launched as the open universkity of microcredit - arguably the greatest innovation ever in developing economics

there was so much that could have been learnt from 1997 about 1) how microcredit and girl empowerment village networks had been innovated lout of bangladesh since 1972, and 2) how new technolgoies double and redouble opportunity and risk around thee innovations as peopel who never had access to electgricity grids leapfroged to solar, and who had never been connecetd by fixed lines telephones leapt to mobile

but the lobby network that arranged the summit never saw its purpose as educational just about lobbying - to this day not one western university has an accurate curriculum of how the world's ;poorest village mothers developed the 8th largest nation

worse just as new technologies took over big banking they were soon to take over microbanking as well; if only the summit had been called microtech or microeducation it wouldnt have ended up being sponsored by big bankers and largely attracting financial students instead of every kind of student needed to make millennials the sustainability generation

in all of this yunus storytold concepts he was developing sometimes ahead of their executional proof of scaling, and almost always omiting to reference the knowledge partners that the technology depended on; what was happening was yunus had been use to the pre-digital world where experimentation in the village could be iterative and there wasnt much expensive competition; yunus did not wholly have the time to manage high cost technology workers even those who mainly wanted to do heroic stuff with mobile connectivity but needed 1) to make a living and 2) needed consistency if the big ideas that yunus promised like bank teh next billion digitally were to happen

across the world of microcreditsumit by 2011 only one of the truly great manual microcredits had independently survived the hi-tech revolution - namely brac which always was the deeper foundation of microcredit (microhealth, jobs creating education, redesign of value chains)  than yunus grameen

the people who had shared all their knowledge in 1996 both on microsolar (ie neville wilalms and bob freling) and on mobile in the villages (the partnership led by the geieus tech brothers the quadirs with telenor and george soros and resources such as mit and legatum) all moved on , where they stayed in bangladesh they congregated around brac

back at grameen in 2009 there was a split between the founding 4 with dipal barua the youngest who had taken on the most work operationally in understanding the numbers and growing the energy busienss sacked; at the same time the government started its slow takeover of grameen and yunus hired a new pr agent who started to demand more and more money from every youth network that had once been truly inspired by yunus outreach as his generation's most collaborative of dream makers

Thursday, December 29, 1983

this is our understanding of chronology impacting muhammad yunus starting in 2005 - corrections gratefully received chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

meeting in france in 2005 at hec business school and with leaderships team of danone generates breakthorough club of global social busienss partnerships starting with these vfrench idea

hec and sarkozi (who had commisioned paper from stiglitz on what was wrong with economics) wated to design the wprld fisrt sustaioability mba

danone wanted to lead slocial busienss testing with yunus in bangaldesh and platform its brands nutritional goodwill across to china; at the same time it would ringlead other gllobal brand leaders who copuld develop a yunus owmed social busiens ;partnership, convene an annual 3000 person ;paris celebration danonecommunities, help catalogue some social business ideas around the world

grameen credit agricole would aim to develop the first social business fund that the public could buy into

grameen veolia would develop a social drinking water busienss in bangal;desh vilahges

a worldwide benchmarking club of brand leaders could be formed of which the largest international idea by 2007 was grameen intel

2006 yunus wins nobel prize; surprises the audience by saying he wants to make socail busienss an even bigger idea than microcredit - ie he wants every market sector to have an expemplary pr]purpose and to make bangladesh the lab for global brand who want to test their higher purposes;
briefly announces entry into bangaldeh ;politics; withdrwaws but not before clashing with the 2 amin political parties

by end of 2007 book on social business published- and first 4 months of 2008 see massive book tour - eg 10 days in usa in january; uk in february; paris april; yunus also serves early warning of the scale of subprime crisis as can be seen by his answer to a concerned 9 year old new yorker in january

summer in dhaka- nobel judges come to grameen head office to open a mjuseum celebrating lifetime awards of yunus- students create 10000 dvd copies of video interviews with grameen top team as of 2008 (the same leadership team that yunus has been with for 34 years) -during february book launch in .london norman macrae hosts his last ;public birthday party with yunus at the royal automobile club- yunus issues his top 10 challenges eg to bill gates

2009 norman macrae foundation organises the forst borthday wish party around the 69 year old muhammad yunus in dhaka in june, - that yera sees yunus adopt a new pr agent - replace his web which had been created as a disapora network with hans reiz's yunus center; rows emerge at the end of the year intially with grammens operational director dipal bara but soon with the political establishment in banaglesh;
increasingly the hans reitz yunus center changes the rationale for and transparenjy of global social bsuieness benchmarking club; at the same time loss of authority in bangladesh makes testing partnerships in bangaldesh ever more expensive or impractical; yunus starts a youth entrepreneur competion in usa with support of atlanta's great and good but the promised cliamx of this withnobel peace summit in atlanta 2015 never happens; back in 2912 the last global microcredistummit organsied by sam daley harris is hostged in spain with queen sofia presiding- ultimately it serves as a testimony to how all the leading benchmarks of pro-poor microcredit have lost their purity of ownership apart from BRAC

Saturday, December 24, 1983

founders of grameen

when interviewing founders in 2008, they were 34 yeras into building grameen networks with each other

Sunday, December 18, 1983

 The historic agreement signing ceremony between Yunus Centre Paris and  the organizers   of Paris Olympics and Paralympics 2024  to transform the Olympic Games event to being inclusive and solidarity-driven was signed on 23 May at the Stade de France where the Olympics will take place. Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Professor Yunus, Laura Flessel, French Minister of Sports and Culture, a seven time Olympic gold medalist,   Anne Hidalgo, President of SOLIDEO and Mayor of Paris, Tony Estanguet, President of Paris 2024, and Eric Pliez, President of Les Canaux were present at the agreement signing ceremony .
Nobel Laureate Professor Muhammad Yunus has signed this Wednesday, May 23, 2018 an agreement with the organizers and financiers of Paris Olympics and Paralympics 2024 to transform the Olympic Games event to being inclusive and solidarity-driven. For the first time in the history of the Game, Paris Olympics 2024 is going to be held as an Olympics focusing on social business and the circular economy. It will be done through the creation of IMPACT 2024.  IMPACT 2024 is designed as a platform to galvanize the strengths of the global sporting event for creating social impact.  Paris 2024 and the SOLIDEO are partnering with the Yunus Centre and Les Canaux to achieve this goal.
Through Impact 2024, the partnership will leverage the sporting event to further social, environmental and solidarity-based businesses, help create jobs to support the most vulnerable and marginalized communities and utilize the rich solidarity-based business ecosystem in the region. To mark his commitment to the Game’s goal of sustainability and legacy, the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate had been at the venue of Olympic 2024 along with Laura Flessel-Colovic, French Minister of Sports and Culture, a seven time Olympic gold medalist, Anne Hidalgo, President of SOLIDEO and Mayor of Paris, Tony Estanguet, President of Paris 2024, and Eric Pliez, President of Les Canaux where the agreement with Yunus Centre was signed. During the signing ceremony the Mayor Hidalgo called this occasion an historic occasion because from this moment count down has begun to translate a dream of  social Olympic into s reality in the coming six years.
Through this agreement, the Paris 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games will receive advice and inspiration from Professor Yunus and move towards achieving the goal of a world of three zeros: zero poverty, zero unemployment and zero net carbon emissions. In this regard, the expertise of Yunus Centre Paris and Yunus Sports Hub will be channeled to allow Les Canaux, supporting the social economy ecosystem, to kick-start IMPACT 2024. The activities will be overseen by a strategic steering committee comprised of the signatories, including Professor Yunus.
During his visit to Paris, Professor Yunus had meetings with several organizations and individuals supporting sports for inclusivity. He held meeting with Detlef Dumon, President of ICSSPE (International Council for Sports Science and Physical Education). It is the world’s largest network of institutions concerned with sports, sports science, and physical education and an associated body of the UNESCO that accounts for millions of people. Professor Yunus also met with Kabubu, one of the teams to be rewarded at the Hackathon on sports and refugees. The Hackathon was organized by Paris 2024 and Techfugees to facilitate access of sports for refugees and add to the inclusivity dimension. The Professor also had a meeting with Decathlon & Sports Heroes Group.
Professor Yunus delivered a lecture to master class students in HEC Paris and later had dinner with the HEC Paris team. He has also attended the launch of University of Sorbonne Chair for Sustainable Cities that will work to mobilize entrepreneurship and innovation. Professor Yunus further held discussion with Pierre Dubuc, CEO and Marine Plossu, Project Leader of OpenClassrooms, a leading online education platform in France. He spoke about his engagement with Paris 2024, his ambitions and recommendations to make it a successful event in an interview with Sandrine Lefevre of Le Parisien. He was also interviewed by Patrick Honauer, renowned entrepreneur of Food Network, to discuss on social gastronomy movement that reconnects people and food.
He held meetings with the high officials of global headquarters of BNP Paribas Bank the largest bank of Europe to organize financing of social businesses which will be created in France in the coming years. The bank is already getting ready with a dedicated staff and ear-marked a large amount of money to finance social businesses.

Monday, October 17, 1983

martha chen fazle abed dhaka harvard// salmeel huq bangladesh ai climate guterres top panel

 martha chen wrote wonderful book on bracs first 10 years a quiet revolution

since then she has guided global end poverty reality -through village women empowerment -  in so many american spaces in ways nobody else can 

eg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FZl-1Bu0tCU&t=1s

Martha Chen

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Martha Chen
The President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil presenting the Padma Shri Award to Dr. Martha Alter Chen, at an Investiture Ceremony II, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 01, 2011.jpg
The President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil presenting the Padma Shri Award to Dr. Martha Alter Chen, at an Investiture Ceremony II, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 01, 2011.
Martha Alter

February 9, 1944 (age 76)
NationalityUnited States
Alma materUniversity of Pennsylvania
OccupationEducator, academic
Spouse(s)Lincoln Chen
RelativesTom Alter (brother)

Martha Chen (née Alter; born February 9, 1944 [1]) is an American academic, scholar and social worker, who is presently a Lecturer in Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School[2] and Senior Advisor of the global research-policy-action network WIEGO (Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing) [3] and a member of the Advisory Board of the United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER[4]. Martha is a development practitioner and scholar who has worked with the working poor in India, South Asia, and around the world. Her areas of specialization are employment, poverty alleviation, informal economy, and gender. She lived in Bangladesh working with BRAC, one of the world's largest non-governmental organizations, and in India, as field representative of Oxfam America for India and Bangladesh for 15 years.[5]

In 2011, she received the Padma Shri from the Government of India for her contributions in the field of social work.[6]She also received the Friends of Bangladesh Liberation War award by the Government of Bangladesh.

Early years[edit]

Martha was born on February 9, 1944 to Barbara and Jim Alter.[where?] Her family hailed from Ohio in the USA. Martha's grandparents had come to India as missionaries of the Presbyterian church. They pursued their missionary activities in undivided Punjab (mostly in Sialkot and Peshawar) and Martha's father was born in Sialkot. Later on, Martha's paternal grandfather took up a position as headmaster of Woodstock School in Landour, on the outskirts of Mussoorie. Their family settled here. Martha grew up largely in the hills of Mussoorie and Landour and in the Northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh[3] She was one of three children. Her brothers were Tom Alter, the well-known film and theatre actor, and John Alter.[7]


She attended Woodstock School from 1948-60. After graduating, she studied for a year at Isabella Thoburn College in Lucknow, India. She then went to the US for her undergraduate and graduate studies, where she received a B.A. Cum Laude (with honors in English literature) from Connecticut College for Women and a PhD in South Asian Studies from the University of Pennsylvania.[7]

Career milestones and honours[edit]

During the 1970s and much of the 1980s, Chen lived with her husband and children in Bangladesh, where she worked with the NGO BRAC. Afterward, she lived in India, where she was the field representative of Oxfam America covering India and Bangladesh.[7]They arrived in Dhaka when a cyclone and tidal wave hit the coasts of the city. She then went on to provide a cyclone relief operation with three other women. Moreover, during this period, the tensions between Bangladesh and Pakistan was on a rise and all the Americans in Dhaka were evacuated to Karachi in Pakistan and then to Tehran. Once they reached the US, Martha and her husband joined the "Friends of Bangladesh" political campaign against the US for supporting West Pakistan. The money left over from the cyclone relief was used to start an NGO for Bengali refugees returning from India called the Bangladesh Rehabilitation Assistance Committee(BRAC), which is now the largest non governmental agency in the world[3]. Along with Bengali colleagues, she helped trained Bangladeshi women in animal husbandry, fish culture and helped revive traditional handicrafts do that women in remote villages have a form of income.[8]

Martha joined Harvard University in 1987 and teaches at the Harvard Kennedy School. She has undertaken four field studies in India: on household coping strategies during a prolonged drought in a village in Gujarat; on widows in 14 villages in seven states; on the membership of the Self-Employed Women's Association (SEWA), and on the urban clients of the SEWA Bank. She carried out policy research on issues relating to the working poor, taught several courses on international development, and provided advisory services to international development agencies.[9]

In 1997, Chen co-founded (with Ela Bhatt and Renana Jhabvala of SEWA) the WIEGO network which works to raise the voice and visibility of the working poor – including domestic workers, home-based producers, street vendors, and waste pickers – around the world. In 1999, the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University invited Dr. Chen to be its Horner Distinguished Visiting Professor in recognition of her scholarship on the situation of working poor women around the world. In 2001, the Radcliffe Institute extended appointment for a third year. From 2003-2006, she was a Visiting Professor at the SEWA Academy in India.[7]

In 2006, Woodstock School in Mussoorie recognized Dr. Chen as a Distinguished Alumna for her work with poor women in South Asia, especially for her work examining the status of widows in India by undertaking extensive field research and organizing a national conference on what can be done to improve the status of widows. Dr. Chen edited a volume of proceedings from the conference called Widows in Rural India: Social Neglect and Public Action. She is one of the Board Members of the Technological Change Lab (TCN) at Columbia University.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Martha Alter is married to Lincoln Chen; the couple has two children and six grandchildren.[7]

Awards and honours[edit]

  • The Connecticut College Medal (2015)
  • Padma Shri from the Government of India, 2011.
  • Distinguished Alumni Award from Woodstock School, India, 2005
  • Matina S. Horner Distinguished Visiting Professor, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University, 1999–2001
  • BA Cum Laude with Honors in English Literature, Connecticut College for Women, 1965




Book chapters[edit]

  • "Rural Bangladesh Women in Food-for-Work" (co-authored) in Women in Contemporary India and South Asia, edited by Alfred D'Souza. New Delhi, India: Manohar Publications, 1980.
  • "Women and Entrepreneurship: New Approaches from India" in Small Enterprises, New Approaches, edited by Antoinette Gosses et al. The Hague, Netherlands: Operations Review Unit, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1989.
  • "Poverty, Gender, and Work in Bangladesh" in Structures and Strategies: Women, Work and Family, edited by Leela Dube and Rajni Palriwala. Women and the Household in Asia – Vol. 3. New Delhi, India: Sage Publications, 1990.
  • "Women and Wasteland Development in India: An Issues Paper" in Women and Wasteland Development in India, edited by Andrea M. Singh and Neera Burra. New Delhi, India: Sage Publications, 1993.
  • Chen, Martha (1995), "A matter of survival: women's right to employment in India and Bangladesh", in Nussbaum, MarthaGlover, Jonathan (eds.), Women, culture, and development: a study of human capabilities, Oxford New York: Clarendon Press Oxford University Press, pp. 37–61, ISBN 9780198289647 (PDF)[permanent dead link] (also available online)
  • "Widowhood and Well-Being in Rural North India" (co-authored with Jean Dreze) in Women's Health in India: Risk and Vulnerability, edited by in M. Das Gupta, L. C. Chen, T.N. Krishnan. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press, 1995. Reprinted in V. Madan (ed.) The Village in India, New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press, Oxford in India Readings in Sociology and Social Anthropology, 2002.
  • "Introduction" in Leonard, Ann, ed. Seeds 2: Supporting Women's Work around the World. New York, New York: The Feminist Press, 1995.
  • "The Feminization of Poverty" in A Commitment to the World's Women: Perspectives on Development for Beijing and Beyond, Heyzer, Noeleen with Sushma Kapoor and Joanne Sandler, eds. New York, New York: United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), 1995.
  • "Why Widowhood Matters" in Women: Looking Beyond 2000. New York, New York: United Nations, 1995.
  • "Introduction" (co-authored with and Emily MacFarquhar and Robert Rotberg) in Robert I. Rotberg, ed. Vigilance and Vengeance: NGOs Preventing Ethnic Conflict in Divided Societies. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press and Cambridge, Massachusetts: World Peace Foundation, 1996.
  • "Introduction" in Widows in India: Social Neglect and Public Action, edited by Martha A. Chen. New Delhi, India: Sage Publications, 1998.
  • "Informal Employment: Rethinking Workforce Development" (co-authored with Joann Vanek) in Tony Avigan, L. Josh Bivens and Sarah Gammage, eds., Good Jobs, Bad Jobs, No Jobs: Labor Markets and Informal Work in Egypt, El Salvador, India, Russia, and South Africa. Washington, D.C.: Economic Policy Institute, 2005.
  • "Rethinking the Informal Economy: Linkages with the Formal Economy and the Formal Regulatory Environment" in Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis, Ravi Kanbur and Elinor Ostrom, eds Unlocking Human Potential: Concepts and Policies for Linking the Informal and Formal Sectors. London, UK: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • "Rethinking the Informal Economy: Linkages with Formal Economy and the Formal Regulatory Environment" in Ocampo, Jose Antonio and Jomo K. S., eds. Towards Full and Decent Employment. London/New York: Zed Books Limited and Hyderabad, India: Orient Longman Private Limited, 2008.
  • "A Spreading Banyan Tree: The Self-Employed Women's Association, India" in Alison Mathie and Gordon Cunningham, eds. From Clients to Citizens: Communities Changing the Course of Their Own Development. Rugby, UK: Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd, 2008.
  • Chen, Martha Alter (2009), "Famine, widowhood and paid work: seeking gender justice in South Asia", in Kanbur, RaviBasu, Kaushik (eds.), Arguments for a better world: essays in honor of Amartya Sen | Volume II: Society, institutions and development, Oxford New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 219–36, ISBN 9780199239979
  • "Informalisation of Labour Markets: Is Formalisation the Answer?" In Razavi, Shahra, ed. The Gendered Impacts of Liberalization: Towards "Embedded Liberalism"? New York, US: Routledge Press/UNRISD Series on Gender and Development, 2009.
  • "The Self-Employed Women's Association" in Oommen, T.K. ed. Social Movements II: Concerns of Equity and Security. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press, 2010.
  • "Informality, Poverty, and Gender: An Economic Rights Approach" in Andreassen, Bard, Arjun K. Sengupta, and Stephen P. Marks, ed. Freedom from Poverty: Economic Perspectives. Oxford University Press, 2010.

Journal articles[edit]

  • "Kantha and Jamdani: Revival in Bangladesh." India International Centre Quarterly, Vol. II, No. 4, December 1984.
  • "Poverty, Gender, and Work in Bangladesh ." Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XXI, No. 5, February 1986.
  • "A Sectoral Approach to Promoting Women's Work: Lessons from India," World Development, Vol. 17, No. 7, 1989.
  • "Women's Work in Indian Agriculture by Agro-Ecological Zones: Meeting the Needs of Landless and Land-poor Women," Economic and Political Weekly, Vol, XXIV, No. 43, October 1989.
  • "Recent Research on Widows in India: Workshop and Conference Report." Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XXX, No. 39, September 30, 1995 (co-author with Jean Dreze).
  • "Engendering World Conferences: The International Women's Movement and the United Nations." Third World Quarterly, Vol. 16, No. 3, 1995.
  • "Listening to Widows in Rural India." Women: A Cultural Review, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 312–319, 1997.
  • "Counting the Invisible Workforce: The Case of Homebased Workers" (co-authored with Jennefer Sebstad and Lesley O'Connell). World Development Vol. 27, No. 3, 1999.
  • "Globalization and Homebased Workers" (co-authored with Marilyn Carr and Jane Tate). Feminist Economics, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 123–142, 2000.
  • "Women in the Informal Sector: A Global Picture, The Global Movement." SAIS Review, Vol. XXI, No. 1, pp. 71–82. Winter-Spring 2000.
  • "Rethinking the Informal Economy: In an Era of Global Integration and Labor Market Flexibility." Seminar # 531, November 2003.
  • "Globalisation, Social Exclusion, and Work: With Special Reference to Informal Employment and Gender" (co-author with Marilyn Carr). International Labour Review, Vol. 143; No. 1-2, 2004.
  • "Informality, Gender, and Poverty: A Global Picture" (co-authored with Joann Vanek and James Heintz). Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XLI, No. 21, pp. 2131–2139, 2006. Reprinted as a chapter in Dey, Dahlia ed. Informal Sector in a Globalized Era. Hyderabad, India: Icfai University Press.
  • "The Urban Informal Workforce: Inclusive Planning for the Urban Poor." UN Habitat Debate. Vol. 13, No. 2. Nairobi: UN Habitat, 2007.
  • "Recognizing Domestic Workers, Regulating Domestic Work: Conceptual, Measurement, and Regulatory Challenges." Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 2011.

Encyclopedia and handbook entries[edit]

  • "Non-Governmental Organizations and the State", International Handbook of Education and Development: Preparing Schools, Students and Nations for the Twenty-First Century. Edited by W.K. Cummings and N.F. McGinn. New York and Oxford: Elsevier Science, Ltd. 1997.
  • "The Informal Economy", The International Encyclopedia of Organization Studies, 2006.
  • "Widows and Widowhood in Contemporary India", The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • "Informality, Poverty, and Gender in the Global South" in Chant, Sylvia, ed. Elgar Handbook on Gender, 2010.

Other publications[edit]

  • "Rural Women in Bangladesh: Exploding Some Myths" (co-author). Ford Foundation Publication Series, Report No. 42, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1976.
  • "Anandapur Village: BRAC Comes to Town" (co-author). World Education Reports, No. 13, New York, 1976.
  • "Women Farmers in Bangladesh: Issues and Proposals," Agricultural Development Agencies in Bangladesh Newsletter, Vol. IV, No. 6, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1977.
  • "Women in Agriculture, Bangladesh" (editor). Agricultural Development Agencies in Bangladesh Newsletter. Vol. IV, No. 6, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1977.
  • BRAC Newsletter (editor). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee, 1976-1980.
  • "Ties that Bind: Single Women and Family Structures." Background paper for Human Development Report 1995. New York, New York: United Nations Development Programme and Oxford University Press, 1995.
  • Household Economic Portfolios (co-authored with Elizabeth Dunn). Assessing the Impact of Micro-Finance Services (AIMS) Working Paper. Washington, D.C.: USAID, 1996.
  • "Supporting Workers in the Informal Economy: A Policy Framework" (co-authored with Renana Jhabvala and Frances Lund). Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office, Employment Sector, Working Paper on the Informal Economy No. 2, 2002.
  • "Globalization and the Informal Economy: How Global Trade and Investment Impact on the Working Poor" (co-authored with Marilyn Carr). Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office, Employment Sector, Working Paper on the Informal Economy No. 1, 2002.
  • "Rethinking the Informal Economy: From Enterprise Characteristics to Employment Relations" Ithaca, New York: Cornell University, electronic proceedings of a joint Cornell University-WIEGO conference on "Rethinking Labor Market Informalization: Precarious Jobs, Poverty, and Social Protection", 2003.
  • "Reality and Analysis: Personal and Technical Reflections on the Working Lives of Six Women" (co-editor and author). Working Paper 2004-06. Cornell University: Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  • "The Investment Climate for Female Informal Businesses: A Case Study from Urban and Rural India" (co-authored with Renana Jhabvala and Reema Nanavaty). Commissioned case study for World Development Report 2005: A Better Investment Climate For Everyone.
  • "Reconceptualizing Controls: Individual Transactions, Economic Systems, and Structural Forces" (co-authored with Ratna Sudarshan). Working Paper, WIEGO Website, 2006.
  • "Autonomy, Security, and Voice: Informal Women Workers in Ahmedabad City, India" (co-authored with Mirai Chatterjee and Jeemol Unni). Working Paper, WIEGO Website, 2006.
  • "Cornell-SEWA-WIEGO 2008 Dialogue – Ahmedabad and Delhi - Compendium of Personal and Technical Notes" Working Paper 2008-15. Cornell University: Department of Applied Economics and Management 2008.
  • "Addressing Informality, Reducing Poverty." in Poverty in Focus, Number 16 - Jobs, Jobs, Jobs – The Policy Challenge. Brasilia, Brazil: International Poverty Centre, 2008.
  • "Informality in South Asia: A Review" (co-authored with Donna Doane). WIEGO Working Paper No. 4, 2008. (PDF)
  • "The Informal Economy: Definitions, Theories and Policies." WIEGO Working Paper No. 1, 2012. (PDF)


External links[edit]

  • Martha Chen at Harvard Kennedy School
  • [1]CV
  • WIEGO official website
  • Self Employed Women's Association (SEWA)
  • SEWA Bank
  • =============================
  • avatar for Saleemul Huq

    Saleemul Huq guterres top ai panel

    Director of the International Centre for Climate Change and Development, member of Board of Trustees, the Degrees Initiative
    Prof. Saleemul Huq is the Director of the International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) and Professor at the Independent University Bangladesh (IUB) as well as Associate of the International Institute on Environment and Development (IIED) in the United Kingdom. In addition he is the Chair of the Expert Advisory Group for the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) and also Senior Adviser on Locally Led Adaptation with Global Centre on Adaptation (GCA) headquartered in the Netherlands.
    He is an expert in adaptation to climate change in the most Vulnerable developing countries and has been a lead author of the third, fourth and fifth assessment reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and he also advises the Least Developed Countries (LDC) group in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In addition he is affiliated with the UN Food System Summit for 2021 as co-chair of the Action Track 5 on Building Resilience to Vulnerabilities, Shocks & Stress.
    He has published hundreds of scientific as well as popular articles and was recognized as one of the top twenty global influencers on climate change policy in 2019 and top scientist from Bangladesh on climate change science. Recently he has been appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2022 New Year Honours for services to combating international climate change.
    Awards & Major Recognitions INTERNATIONAL and NATIONAL AWARDS
     Robert McNamara Fellowship from World Bank, Washington DC, USA, 1986 87.
     Duggan Fellowship from NRDC, Washington DC, USA, 1989.
     Nobel Peace Prize – Prof. Saleemul Huq contributed to the reports of the IPCC which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.
     Burtoni Award for his contribution to capacity building in climate change negotiation of the developing countries, 2007
     The National Environment Award-2020 in the environmental education and publicity category- Announcement made virtually by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Bangladesh
    Prof. Huq has also been recently named in Reuters Hot List. He is the only Bangladeshi scientist to rank 208th in the list that identified and ranked the world‟s most influential climate scientists.
    Prof. Huq was included in the annual list “The 100 Most Influential People in Climate Policy” by Apolitical in 2019, alongside other inspirational politicians, advocates, youth activists, academics, and diplomats from all over the world. He was positioned 19th amongst the top 20 in the ranking by Apolitical.
    Prof. Huq was also ranked amongst the world‟s top 2% scientists in the environmental sciences category. He has been positioned in the 1,324th position among 66,925 scientists ranked in the „Updated science- wide author databases” of standardized citation indicators.